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Ukrainian Composers born in the 19th Century


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christopher
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« on: February 08, 2016, 12:24:06 pm »

Kryzhanivsky, Bohdan Volodymyrovych (1894-1955)

Iosyp Sozansky and the Chernivtsi Regional Philharmonia have recorded a work by a composer who, as far as I can tell, has no other works recorded.

Danilo of Galicia is a rather large-scale work in the form of a cantata or oratorio - written for narrator, soloists, chorus and orchestra after a poem by Mykola Bazhan - it runs to approx 55 minutes. Don't be put off by the narrator (speaking in Ukrainian) - he does speak quite a bit at the beginning (with the music) but then for the most part he shuts up! The piece was written in 1942 but is definitely in a late-romantic style. You can hear it here -

Danilo of Galicia was, according to wikipedia, a King of Rus', Prince of Galicia (Halych) (12051255), Peremyshl (1211), and Volodymyr (12121231). He was crowned by a papal archbishop in Dorohochyn 1253 as the first King of Rus' (12531264). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_of_Galicia

Bohdan Kryzhanivsky's Ukrainian wikipdia is as follows (translated roughly from google):

Kryzhanivsky Bogdan Vladimirovich (August 24, 1894, Lviv - April 20, 1955, Chernivtsi) - Ukrainian conductor and composer.

Born August 24, 1894 in Lviv, a family lawyer. Lviv past childhood. Here he studied in high school, in his youth expressed a great enthusiasm for musical instruments (violin, cello, piano).

After graduating from the Lysenko Higher Music Institute in piano in 1916 he went to Vienna to continue training in music theory and composition at the Metropolitan Kaiser Academy of Music and Performing Arts. After the unexpected death of his father returned to his native city.

During the First World War (1916) joined the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen - joined the 1st Sich orchestras organized by Michael Gayvoronsky. I

In 1918, along with Leo and Basil Getsom Bobynsky signed a "Small Anthology of Creativity", the original of which was created on the model of handwritten old books, decorated with lots of illustrations and pictures. To introduce the Ukrainian edition to the broader public, they made a photo-reproduction. He participated in the activities of the new Ukrainian theater in Lviv, at this time, he met with Les Kurbas, Ambrose Buchma, Marian Krushelnytska and other prominent actors.

In 1920, as a result of the February pact concluded between the Ukrainian Galician Army and the Red Army, entered the ranks of the Red Ukrainian Galician Army. In the same year, he bacame one of the organizers of the Franko Ukrainian Drama Theater (in Vinnitsa, 1926, in Kyiv). He was in charge of the musical part of the Lviv Theater. Zankovetska was head and conductor of the Metropolitan Theater "Berezil." Later he worked in the Drama Kharkiv. In 1929 he became a founding member and principal conductor of the First Ukrainian State Musical Comedy Performances "Orpheus in Hell", "Queen of the unknown island", "Geisha," "self-styled Prince", "Chocolate Soldier or Man and weapons." Tashkent (1931-1932 chief conductor of the Opera theatre local), and finally - in Chernivtsi (since 1945).

The beginning of the 50's for the composer was a time of hardship. In World War II his only son Igor was killed. After writing the music to Mykola Bazhan's poem "Danilo of Galicia" in 1942, Kryzhanivsky was strongly persecuted. He was branded a nationalist and Petlurite. He was showered with anonymous denunciations, and betrayed by friends. But despite the circumstances and state of his health (tuberculosis) Kryzhanivsky launched extensive and fruitful activity as organizer of various art groups as director of music schools and teacher.

Bogdan Vladimirovich died April 20, 1955, and was buried at the central cemetery in Chernivtsi.

He wrote operettas, music for plays, vocal-symphonic poems and plays, songs and Sich propulsion arrangements. He wrote an opera, music to operetta "The Mikado" (co-author A. Cherry), several musical comedies ( "Because of the mountain of rock" and others), symphonies, songs, suite for piano and orchestra, dance tunes.

Selected works:

Music to plays:-
"Death Squadron" (play O.Korniychuka 1933)
"Bohdan Khmelnytsky" (play O.Korniychuka - premiered 10
March 1939 in Kiev Theater. Franko)

"Oleksa Dovbush" (1941)
"Danilo of Galicia" (1942)
"Nazar Stodolya"
"Bukovina kolomyiky"
"At the steppes of Ukraine" (O.Korniychuka play for the film which was shot in 1952)
"Lukyan mare" (G. historical drama Mizyuna 1954)


Birthday: August 24, 1894
Place of birth: Lviv
Date of death: April 20, 1955 (60 years old)
Place of death: Chernivtsi
Years active: 1916-1955
Country:  West Ukrainian People's Republic; Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Nationality: Ukrainian
Job: Conductor, composer
Higher education: (music)
Instruments: piano, violin, cello
Genre: symphonic music, marches
Organisations: Lviv Theatre. Zankovetska "Berezil" Kharkiv Academic Theatre of Musical Comedy and other
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