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Russian Orchestras and their Principal Conductors


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Author Topic: Russian Orchestras and their Principal Conductors  (Read 167 times)
Dundonnell
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« on: October 07, 2015, 12:40:24 am »

No. 9 of series (and selective):


Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra(1953):   

Samuil Samosud:      1953-1957
Nathan Rakhlin:          1957-1960
Kyril Kondrashin:        1960-1975
Dmitri Kitaenko:          1976-1990
Vassily Sinaisky:        1990-1996
Mark Ermler:               1996-1998
Yuri Simonov:            1998-


Moscow State Symphony Orchestra(1943):

Lev Steinberg:         1943-1945
Nikolai Anosov:        1945-1950
Leo Ginzburg:           1950-1954
Mikhail Terian:         1954-1960
Veronica Dudarova:1960-1989
Pavel Kogan:            1989-


Moscow Symphony Orchestra(1989):

Konstantin Krimets:      1989-1993
Antonio de Almeida:      1993-1997
Vladimir Ziva:                 2000-200
Ogan Durjan’Narc:         2001-
Arthur Arnold:                 2012-


Russian National Orchestra
(1990):

Mikhail Pletnev:      1990-


State Symphony Capella of Russia
(1991 from the USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra founded in 1957):

Samuil Samosud:      1957-1964
Yuri Ahronovich:       1964-1971
Maxim Shostakovich:1971-1981
Gennadi Rozhdestvensky:1983-1991
Valery Polyansky:      2002-


Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra
(1930; Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra until 1993):      

Alexander Orlov:         1930-1937
Nikolai Golovanov:      1937-1953
Alexander Gauk:          1953-1961
Gennadi Rozhdestvensky:1961-1974
Vladimir Fedoseyev:      1975-


State Academic Symphony Orchestra/ Russian State Orchestra(1936; U.S.S.R.State Symphony Orchestra until 1991):            

Alexander Gauk:         1936-1941
Nathan Rakhlin:          1941-1945
Konstantin Ivanov:    1946-1965
Evgeni Svetlanov:      1965-2000
Vassily Sinaisky:         2000-2002
Mark Gorenstein:         2002-2011
Vladimir Jurowski:      2011-


Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow:      

Samuil Samosud:       1936-1942
Ariy Pazovsky:            1943-1948
Nikolai Golovanov:      1948-1953
Alexander Melik-Pashayev:1953-1963
Evgeni Svetlanov:       1963-1965
Gennady Rozhdestvensky:1965-1970
Yuri Simonov:               1970-1985
Alexander Lazarev:     1987-1995
Peter Feranec:              1995-1998
Mark Ermler:                  1998-2000
Gennady Rozhdestvensky:2000-01
Alexander Vedernikov:2001-2009
Leonid Desyatnikov:     2009-2010
Vassily Sinaisky:           2010-2013
Tugan Sokhiev:              2014-


St.Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
(1882; Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra from 1924 until 1991):            

Serge Koussevitzky:   1917-1920
Emil Cooper:                 1920-1923
Valery Berdyaev:         1924-1926
Nikolai Malko:                1926-1930
Alexander Gauk:          1930-1934
Fritz Stiedry:                1934-1937
Evgeni Mravinsky:       1938-1988
Kurt Sanderling:           1942-1960
Yuri Temirkanov:         1988-


St.Petersburg Academic Symphony Orchestra
(1931; Leningrad Radio Symphony Orchestra until 1953; Leningrad Symphony Orchestra from 1953 until 1991):   

Heinz Unger:         1934-1936
Karl Eliasberg:      1937-1950
Arvid Jansons:      1964-1968
Yuri Temirkanov:   1968-1976
Alexander Dmitriev:1977-


Mariinsky Theatre, St.Petersburg(Kirov Opera from 1935 until 1992):
      
Yuri Temirkanov:      1976-1988
Valery Gergiev:        1988-      

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madis
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« Reply #1 on: October 11, 2015, 01:06:09 am »

Maybe it's worth mentioning there were two Moscow Radio Symphony orchestras. The current Tchaikovsky SO, founded in 1930, was known as the Bolshoi ("big", "great", "large") radio orchestra, and its Russian name still includes the word, but there was also a second radio SO: the current State Symphony Capella was originally founded as a second radio ensemble and moved under Ministry of Culture's aegis and Rozhdestvensky's direction after Maxim Shostakovich emigrated to West.
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Dundonnell
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« Reply #2 on: October 11, 2015, 07:44:06 pm »

Trying to make sense of the number and names of Russian orchestras is-for a non-Russian speaker-an absolute nightmare. This applies both before 1991 and the breakup of the USSR and after 1991 when a number of "new"orchestras sprang up.
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Toby Esterhase
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« Reply #3 on: October 13, 2015, 12:31:21 am »

http://markgorenstein.com/discography?page=6
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madis
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« Reply #4 on: October 13, 2015, 06:33:58 pm »

Trying to make sense of the number and names of Russian orchestras is-for a non-Russian speaker-an absolute nightmare. This applies both before 1991 and the breakup of the USSR and after 1991 when a number of "new"orchestras sprang up.

It's not easy even with some command of Russian as some groups choose to obscure certain details in their lineage.

I worked on a similar project a couple of years ago on rateyourmusic.com, at least the permanent ensembles should be documented well enough on that site (or were as I left them...).


I believe the "Russian Symphony Orchestra" Mark Gorenstein made recordings with in the 90s is the current Novaya Rossiya orchestra, conducted by Yuri Bashmet since 2002.

http://www.nros.ru/nros/eng/
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