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Belarusian Music

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Author Topic: Belarusian Music  (Read 3470 times)
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« Reply #30 on: August 17, 2016, 02:55:55 pm »

I have posted up some music by the Belarusian composer Mikalai Churkin (1869-1964).

From wikipedia:

Nikolai Churkin (May 21, 1869 Stsepanavan, Armenia - December 27, 1964) - Belarusian composer and folklorist, one of the founders of the Belarusian professional music. People's Artist of Belarus (1949).

He graduated from the musical vuchshishcha Russian Musical Society in Tiflis (1892, class of M. Ippolitova-Ivanov), St. Petersburg AM (1899). A teacher, he taught music and drawing, guided by amateur choirs in Baku, Kaunas (1903), Vilnius (1905). In Belarus, in 1914, a teacher and a teacher's seminary schools, Head of Music subsection county executive committee, the organizer of amateur in Mstislavl, from 1924 teacher of pedagogical college in Mogilev, 1935 in Minsk.

He collected more than 3 thousand. Tunes songs and dances of different nations (Belarusian, Georgian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Polish, Lithuanian, Tajik). 53 Belarusian tunes in his record and placed in the processing of "Belarusian collection" E. Romanova (No. 7, 1910.); made collections of "Belarusian folk songs and dances" (1949) and "The Belarusian folk songs" (1959).

One of the founders of the Belarusian professional music, the founder of the national symphonic genre, music for children. His music is characterized by optimism, strict classical form, melody, based on the Belarusian musical folklore. Among the works: the opera "Emancipation of Labour" (pastes thousand nine hundred twenty-two.) "Adolescence" by Kupala (piano, 1959-64), radyёopera for children "mittens" (1948 pastes.); musical comedy "Kok sagyz" (1939 pastes.), "Song of the Berezina" (1947 pastes.); 3 Simfonetta (1 925, "Belarusian picture"; one thousand nine hundred forty-nine, 1955), 4 symphonic suites; 4 suites, and the overture "In memory of Yanka Kupala" (1952) for orchestra of Belarusian folk instruments; 11 string quartets, choirs, songs; music for dramatic performances; folk songs and dances, songs for children on the words of the Belarusian poets.

May 21, 1869 was born Nikolai Churkin. Soviet composer, folklorist graduated from the Tbilisi School of Music in composition. He worked as a music teacher (1892-1914) in Baku, Kaunas and Vilnius. Since 1914 - in Belarus. He collected folk music, including Belarus (more than 3000 records, and many are included in the collection of Belarusian folk songs and dances, published in 1910, 1949, 1959).

Churkin belongs to the first creators of Belarusian Soviet opera ( "Emancipation of Labour", 1922). He - the founder of the national symphony genre (Sinfonietta "Belarus pictures", 1925). Among the works Churkin also a children's radio opera "The Glove" (1940), the musical comedy "The Song of the Berezina" (1947), pieces for symphony and wind orchestra, orchestra of folk instruments, chamber and instrumental ensembles (in t. Ch. 11 quartets ), choruses and songs to the words of Soviet poets, and others.

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