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1  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Aladar Rado (1882-1914) on: July 11, 2018, 01:17:43 pm
Aladar Rado was one of the promising composers at the turn of the century in Hungary. Born in 1882 and a student of Hans Koessler from 1904 to 1908 at the Hungarian Academy of Music he shared an identical musical biography like Bela Bartok (born 1881, Koessler student from 1899 to 1903) or Zoltan Kodaly (born 1882, Koessler student from 1900 to 1904). He received several fellowships which finally led him to Berlin where he had a first success with his opera "The black cavalier". But the career of the composer Aladar Rado was cut short by the World War I. He died on the battlefields near Belgrade on 9 September 1914, one of the early days of the war.
Aladar Rado was a prolific composer but only little of his compositions was published. I recently bought the manuscript of the "Frühlingslied (Spring song), for violin and piano" by Aladar Rado. The work was composed in 1906 and is dedicated to a person called "Bela". The score of this previously unpublished and most likely unperformed composition can be download free of charge from my website:

www.tobias-broeker.de


Below my more detailed biography about Aladar Rado:

Aladár Radó was born on 26 December 1882 in Budapest (Hungary). He began to play the piano at the age of 4 and since 1904 studied composition under Hans Koessler at the Royal National Hungarian Academy of Music. In 1908 Hans Koessler retired and Aladár Radó continued his studies under Leo Weiner. His first composition - a Suite, a string quartet, the symphony "Petőfi" and the symphonic poem "The little tavern at the end of the village" - received immediate performances and Aladár Radó was one of the most promising young Hungarian composers of his time together with other Koessler students like Bela Bartok or Zoltan Kodaly. He received the Hungarian State fellowship, a Bayreuth fellowship, the Franz-Liszt-fellowship of Budapest, and the Franz-Joseph-fellowship which allowed Aladár Radó to move to Berlin. There he continued to compose and created the opera "The black cavalier" (on words of Heinrich Lilienfein) which was performed several times in Germany and Austria and brought him great success. Aladár Radó also composed for the theatres of Max Reinhardt and was the designated principal conductor of the Reinhard Theatres with a contract starting on 1 September 1914. But in July 1914 the World War I broke out and Aladár Radó immediately enlisted for military service and was sent as a reserve officier to the front line in Serbia. He was killed on 9 September 1914 in Boljevci near Belgrade. The stepdaughter of philosopher Constantin Brunner knew Aladár Radó closely and wrote in her published diary about the last moments of the composer: "Paul Neubauer retold us the report of an eyewitness, that Aladar Rado stormed the enemy lines of machine guns in such a naive, outmoded valour with his pulled out saber and the words "Hurrah Eljen!" like the old Hungarian heros, and his company followed enthusiastically. A head shot struck him down immediately."
Aladár Radó was a prolific composer and left dozens of unpublished compositions in his estate. The four years of World War I and his death let his music fell into oblivion. It is known that Bela Bartok asked his own publisher, the Universal Edition, in 1922 to have a look into the compositions of Aladár Radó and contemplate a publication. Bartok wrote: "I don't want to exert influence on your final decision of course, all the less I don't know these compositions. But what I know of Aladar Rado is just, that he had a massive knowledge and was a favourite student of professor Koessler."
2  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Alla Penkina (*1960): Violin concerto (1995) on: July 06, 2018, 10:39:06 am
I am delighted to announce another publication of a neglected violin concerto from the 20th century: Russian composer Alla Penkina (*1960) composed her "Concerto for violin and chamber orchestra op.17" in 1995. I remained in manuscript, but now the typeset full score can be downloaded free of charge from my website:

www.tobias-broeker.de


Here is a biography of her:

Alla Penkina (Алла Валентиновна Пенкина) was born on 18 January 1960 in Pavlovo (Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia). She began to play piano at the age of six, first privately under Maria Filipova, later at the music school under A. Khalkovskaya. In 1980 she graduated with a Bachelor's degree in musicology. From 1984 to 1989 Alla Penkina studied composition at the Turkmen National Conservatory in Ashgabat and completed the post-graduate course in composition in 1995 under professor Recep Allayarov, an disciple of Alfred Schnittke. She also attended masterclasses by the composers Boris Tishchenko and Theo Loevendie. In 2001 Alla Penkina received a fellowship for composers from the Russian Composers Union.
From 1989 to 1995 Alla Penkina lectured both at the music school as well as the Turkmen National Conservatory in Ashgabat, and she worked as a music editor for the Turkmenian Broadcasting Company. In 1996 she moved back to Nizhny Novgorod and lectured piano and composition at music schools. She was a jury member in the local composition competition "Young Composer" in Nizhny Novgorod. Alla Penkina also taught music theory, piano and composition at the Californian Music Center in Shenzhen (China). Since 2008 she lives permantly in Elche (Spain).
3  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Wolfgang Gabriel (*1930): Violin concerto op.17 (1971) on: June 21, 2018, 09:48:30 pm
Wolfgang Gabriel (*1930) is a renowned Austrian composer and conductor. Many of his compositions are published and were performed, but his Violin concerto op.17 from 1971 remained in manuscript. But the composer kindly granted permission to me to typeset the manuscript and publish the score through my website. Therefore I am happy to announce the free publication of the full score of the Violin concerto. It can be downloaded in pdf-format from my website:


www.tobias-broeker.de


Here is a short biography about Wolfgang Gabriel:

Wolfgang Gabriel was born on 9 June 1930 in Vienna (Austria). He grew up in a musically interested home, his father could play the piano and they often performed family music. So he also started to play the piano at the age of 6 and his first own compositions date from that time as well. Wolfgang Gabriel received regular piano lessons - in his last school year from Hans Sittner - and finished school in 1948. Already a year earlier he had started to study music at the University of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna with Hans Swarowsky (Kapellmeisterschule), Alfred Uhl (composition) and Grete Hinterhofer (piano). He completed his studies in 1952 and graduated with distinction in music theory and Kapellmeisterschule.

In 1954 Wolfgang Gabriel first worked as a repetiteur and lecturer at the University of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna, in 1974 he was appointed professor and directed an opera class in his last years until his retirement in 1996. In addition Wolfgang Gabriel became the principal conductor of the Akademischer Orchesterverein, one of the time-honoured non-professional orchestras in Vienna, in 1960 and directed this ensemble for nearly 50 years. And in 1988 he also took over the position of chorus master at the Bachgemeinde Wien. Beyond that Wolfgang Gabriel worked as a lieder accompanist from time to time.

Beside his diverse activities as a conductor Wolfgang Gabriel also composed music throughout his lifetime. His work catalogue contains 9 concertos for orchestra, 3 concertos for chamber ensembles, 9 string quartets, 3 wind quintets, solo concertos for piano, oboe, violin, viola, cello and double bass, chamber works for manifold instrumentations, 9 song cycles and much more. In his compositions Wolfgang Gabriel uses twelve-tone rows, but always based on the key tone and therefore as a means to an end, not as an ideology.
In 2005 Wolfgang Gabriel was awarded the Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art I. Class.
After two strokes in 2010 Wolfgang Gabriel had to quit his conducting activities and now focuses on composing.
4  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Re: Alan Richardson (1904-1978): Variations for pianoforte (1935) on: May 26, 2018, 11:24:59 pm
For those interested in more Richardson works: I just uploaded another work of him, the "Three pieces for piano" from 1934. The score is available free of charge as - on my website - usual. A few more works will follow in the next weeks.
5  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Max Reger: his last composition.. on: May 13, 2018, 12:56:14 pm
In 1916 Max Reger started to compose an "Andante und Rondo capriccioso, for violin and small orchestra". But Reger died in May 1916 before he could finish the composition. When Florizel von Reuter visited Elsa Reger, the widow of Max Reger, in Munich in 1931 due to a concert performance, he learned about the unfinished composition. He asked for the permission to complete the work which Elsa Reger granted to him. Florizel von Reuter immediately started the task and completed the composition in piano reduction within 7 days! The premiere of this version took place on 15 February 1932 in Vienna with Florizel von Reuter (violin) and Franz Schmidt (piano). The orchestration took a few months and was premiered on 7 November 1932 in Munich with Florizel von Reuter (violin), the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra under Siegmund von Hausegger.

The full orchestral score of the "Symphonic rhapsody" was published by Universal Edition in 1933, but was only available for hire and just as a facsimile of the autograph manuscript. The piano reduction was completely left out.
I recently bought the autograph manuscript of this piano reduction and therefore I decided to typeset my autograph to make this version available for the public. I have now finished this work and the piano reduction of the "Symphonic rhapsody" by Max Reger and Florizel von Reuter can be downloaded free of charge from my website:

https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/m-r/reuter-florizel-von/

Enjoy and spread the word!

Best,
Tobias
6  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Alan Richardson (1904-1978): Variations for pianoforte (1935) on: May 12, 2018, 01:59:17 pm
I recently bought several sketch books of composer Alan Richardson (1904-1978) which he used to pen down musical ideas at the time around 1935. Much of the content is incomplete but there are a few completed compositions. With the kind permission of the Richardson family I am allowed to publish these previously unknown works. The first publication is "Variations for pianoforte", a set of 13 variations written in 1935 and so one of the very first compositions by Alan Richardson who later became a longtime piano professor at the Royal Academy of Music. One can find the score for free download at my website:

https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/m-r/richardson-alan/


And here is a short biography:

Alan Richardson was born on 29 February 1904 in Edinburgh (Scotland). He learned the piano and worked as a pianist for the BBC in Scotland, before moving to London to study piano and composition under Harold Craxton at the Royal Academy of Music. Alan Richardson then worked as a pianist, he toured Australia and New Zealand in 1931 and was the accompanist for famous violinist Carl Flesch from 1936 to 1939. He also gave piano lectures at the Royal Academy of Music and was appointed professor in 1960, a position he held until his death. In 1961 Alan Richardson married renowned oboist Janet Craxton, the daughter of his former teacher Harold Craxton.
Alan Richardson died on 29 November 1978 in London.
7  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Karel Moor (1873-1945): String quartet No.2 (1902) on: April 28, 2018, 04:34:33 pm
Karel Moor (1873-1945) was a Czech conductor, choir master and composer. He studied in Prague, Vienna and Trieste, then worked in Pardubice and returned to Trieste around the trun of the century. At that time - in 1902 - he composed his String quartet No.2. It was composed in Trieste and composed for the "Quartetto Triestino" and therefore carries the same title: Quartetto triestino per quartetto d'archi. I recently bought the autograph manuscript of this composition which remained unpublished so far. Even worse most of the early compositions by Karel Moor are unknown today because his house with all his belongings burned down in 1912 and so many compositions are destroyed. Therefore I am happy to present the full score of the String quartet No.2 by Karel Moor on my website for free download:

https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/m-r/moor-karel/


And here is a longer biography:

Karel Moor was born on 26 December 1873 in Lazne Belohrad (Czech Republic). He first studied at the organ school in Prague under Karel Strecker, Frantisek Blazek, Karel Knittl and Augustin Vyskocil. Later he studied vocal performance in Vienna, then in Trieste.
Karel Moor first worked as a vocal reacher in Pardubice and there started to compose. After stops in again Prague and Trieste he became the conductor of the Czech Philharmonic and later of the National Theater in Brno. In 1912 the villa of Karel Moor burned down and the fire destroyed all the belongings to work in his profession as well as most of his compositions. To overcome this financial crisis Karel Moor accepts an appointment as conductor of "Choir Zoranic" in Zadar (Croatia), but quit the position shortly after due to personal and professional problems. He was then offered the position as choir master of the "Singer's Society of Spanish Jews" in Belgrade, but the outbreak of World War I ended the short tenure. Karel Moor fled from the hostile action first to Stip (Macedonia) where he worked in a school. He got wounded during a trip to Skopje, recovered at a sanatorium in Bohemia and then worked first as a Kapellmeister in Braunau am Inn, then in Ostrava, Ljubljana, Sinje, Split and finally in 1922 in Sarajevo. But Karel Moor was physically and mentally debilitated and had still financial problems, which led to the termination of his appointment in Sarajevo as well and he returned to Prague in 1923. There he worked at the newly opened Hvezda Cinema, later became bandmaster in Smichov (a district of Prague) and worked in the archive of the Czechoslovak Radio. In 1933 Karel Moor was appointed an honorary citizen of the town of Lazne Belohrad.
Karel Moor died on 30 March 1945 in Prague.
The work catalogue of Karel Moor lists more than 200 compositions. There are 10 operas like "William Ratcliff" (1904) or "The last chord" (1929), 11 operettas like "Mr. Professor in hell" (1907) and ballets. Among the orchestral works are 2 symphonic dances, a concerto for cembalo and a Romance and a Serenata No.2 for violin and orchestra. Karel Moor also composed 3 string quartets (No.1 and 2 in 1902, No.3 in 1915), a Suite for string quartet, a Piano trio, "5 Fantasies on national themes" for brass quintet and other chamber music. Among his vocal works are many songs, choral works, cantatas, masses and a Requiem.
8  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / songs by Ben Weber, Francisco Mignone, Carlos Veerhoff,.. on: March 26, 2018, 09:20:03 pm
I recently found several autograph manuscripts of previously unpublished songs for voice and piano. I managed to get permission for publication of these works and I am happy to announce the release of scores by several important 20th century composers! All scores are available only through my website, are published for the first time ever and can be downloaded free of charge! You can find songs by:

Ben Weber (1916-1979): important US composer and the first American composer who has published a composition in twelce-tone technique
Francisco Mignone (1897-1986): one of the most important Brazilian composers ever
Carlos Veerhoff (1926-2011): renowned German composer who also wrote in twelve-tone technique

Scores by these composers and several others can be found here on my website:

https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/list-of-instrumentations/voice/

Enjoy and share if you like!

Best,
Tobias
9  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Re: free score library on: March 05, 2018, 05:08:34 am
Thanks for the offer! I see that I have to explain something:

The 100+ scores I mentioned above are only published by me. I have typeset them from manuscript and they were unpublished before. So you can find scores of these works only on my website:
https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/list-of-instrumentations/

And then I have also a normal score library of scores that were published by other publishing houses. That list of around 600 violin concertos can be found here:
https://www.tobias-broeker.de/score-library/

And there one can see that I indeed also miss the Podkovirov score, so if you can send it to me, I would be pleased. Contact information on my website.

Best,
Tobias

10  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / free score library on: March 04, 2018, 07:27:51 pm
With free scores on my website for more than 100 compositions from the 20th century I found it necessary to create a subpage to filter the available works via the instrumentation. So below is a link to the starting page and please check for your most beloved instrument:

https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/list-of-instrumentations/

Enjoy and hopefully you find the one or other interesting score for yourself. It's all free!

Best,
Tobias
11  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Tison Street (*1943): Labyrinth - Fantasy for violin and chamber orchestra on: February 18, 2018, 11:18:53 pm
Tison Street, born 1943 in Boston (USA) is a renowned composer and normally published by G. Schirmer. Therefore I am proud to say that I got the chance to publish the score of his "Labyrith - Fantasy for violin and chamber orchestra". The work was composed in 2000 and premiered in the same year by none less than Joseph Silverstein, the longtime concertmaster of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. On my website one can find the full score as well as a complete recording of the work:

www.tobias-broeker.de

Here a longer biography about Tison Street:

Tison Street was born in Boston (USA) on 20 May 1943. After studying violin with Einar Hansen from 1951-59, he studied a composition with Leon Kirchner and David Del Tredici at Harvard, where he received bis B.A. in 1965 and M.A. in 1971. Among his awards and fellowships are the Naumberg Recording Award, an American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters Award, a Guggenheim Fellowship, and N.E.A. grant, the Brandeis Creative Arts Award, a Rome Prize Fellowship, and a Friedheim Award. During the years 1979 to 1983, he was associate professor of music at Harvard. He has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and Boston University.

Tison Street's works have been performed by the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the American Composers Orchestra, the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra, the New Hampshire Symphony, and the North Carolina Symphony, and many other ensembles, as well as by such soloists as Peter Serkin and Ani Kavafian. The New York Philharmonic performed his "Adagio in E-flat for oboe and strings" in 1983, then in 1993 commissioned "Bright Sambas" for their 150th anniversary celebration. Recent projects include "Zodiac Bagatelles", and "Labyrinth for solo violin and chamber orchestra", both for the Pro Arte Chamber Orchestra, completion of "Jewel Tree", "Two Latin Anthems for mixed chorus", and a new string quartet "Round, Gigue, and Perforation". In November 2004 the Boston Classical Orchestra premiered "Symphony V: Colonial Scenes", a work co-commissioned by the Orchestra and the Koussevitzky Music Foundation, in Boston's historic Faneuil Hall.
12  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Enrico Terni (1879-1960): Humoreske for violin and piano (1949) on: February 14, 2018, 06:42:35 pm
Enrico Terni, Italian composer and born in Alexandria (Egypt), is today only known for being the husband of the more famous Italian writer Fausta Cialente. But Enrico Terni was an important figure in the cultural life in Alexandria between 1920 and 1950. I recently found an autograph manuscript of a "Humoreske for violin and piano" by him which dates from 1949. You can find the score for free download on my website:

https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/s-z/terni-enrico/

Here is a longer biography:

Enrico Terni was born 1879 in Alexandria (Egypt) to a wealthy Jewish family of Italian origin. He studied music in Florence and returned to Egypt after his studies to work as a composer and musicologist. Enrico Terni became an important part of the cultural life in Alexandria. He organised concerts and met many British and Italian artists who emigrated to Egypt at that time. So Enrico Terni became a close friend of British writer E.M. Forster, who wrote the short story "A Musician in Egypt" about him. Enrico Terni also met the famous Italian writer Fausta Cialente and they married in 1921. In 1935 Enrico Terni was one of the founding members of the "L'Atelier d'Alexandrie", a society to support musicians, painters, writers and other artists. He also wrote articles on music and reviews for several newspapers and journals in Egypt. Enrico Terni died on 1 May 1960.

Enrico Terni composed orchestral music: Symphonic poem "Marsyas" for orchestra after Henri de Regnier, Praeludium for orchestra, the orchestral poems "Amphytrite", "Episode" and "Poeme elegiatique" and the incidental music "Leda". Among his chamber music compositions are two string quartets, three violin sonatas, Prex dolorosa for violin and piano, a Sonata chromatica and Four portraits for piano.
13  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Re: Kenneth Klauss (*1923): Violin concerto (1969) on: February 08, 2018, 04:59:37 am
Thanks for your reaction and I am happy that you like the concerto too!
14  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Kenneth Klauss (*1923): Violin concerto (1969) on: February 07, 2018, 05:03:30 am
US composer Kenneth Klauss, born 1923 in South Dakota and a student of Ernst Toch, composed a Violin concerto in 1969. In my personal opinion this work is one of the finest concertos in the 20th century. Therefore I am proud and pleased to announce the publication of both the full score as well as a complete recording of the work on my website!

https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/g-l/klauss-kenneth/

Enjoy!
15  Little-known music of all eras / Discussion of obscure composers / Max Büttner: Trio for 3 harps op.41 (1929) on: February 04, 2018, 02:30:43 pm
The score of the "Trio for 3 harps op.41" composed in 1929 by German composer and professional harpist Max Büttner (1891-1959) can be download free of charge from my website:

https://www.tobias-broeker.de/rare-manuscripts/a-f/b%C3%BCttner-max/


Here a short biography about Max Büttner:

Max Büttner was born on 29 January 1891 in Rodach (Germany). From 1905 to 1907 he played in the city orchestra of Sonneberg, in the season 1907/08 in Uerdingen. In 1909 Max Büttner began to study piano and harp with Max Saal in Berlin, since 1917 counterpoint with Hermann Wolfgang von Waltershausen in Munich and since 1926 conducting with Hugo Röhr.
He mainly worked as a harpist, from 1910 to 1912 in the Blüthner-Orchester in Berlin, than in the Royal Opera Orchestra Berlin, the Hoftheaterorchester in Dessau and finally became the prinicipal harpist of the Bavarian State Orchestra, a position he held from 1916 to 1947. Since 1919 Max Büttner also worked as professor at the Akademie der Tonkunst in Munich.
Max Büttner died in 1959.
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